Of all the appliances you have in your kitchen, your oven is one of the most important. There is a good chance that you use your oven on a daily basis. Therefore, it can be frustrating when your oven is not working properly.

Similar to other appliances, there are plenty of reasons why your oven might not be working. Depending on the reason why your oven is not working, the steps you need to follow to fix it could vary. Therefore, what are a few of the reasons why your oven might not be working, and what do you need to do to fix it?

In the post below, we are going to cover a handful of reasons why your oven might not be working. Then, we will explain what you need to do to fix it. Take a look at the list below, and learn more about how you can keep your oven working properly. 

5 Possible Reasons Why Your Oven Might Not Be Working (and How To Fix Them)

Some of the most common reasons why your oven might not be working include: 

#1 The Range Burner Is Not Heating

If you have an electric oven, this is one of the most common reasons why your oven might not be working properly. Similar to an electric stove, an electric oven needs to have a range burner that turns on. There are situations where these burners simply burn out and need to be replaced. 

If you feel like your burners are not lighting, there are several steps you should follow. These include: 

  • First, you should identify which burner is faulty. Remove this burner from the oven. You need to unplug it from the burner socket. Then, take a burner that you know is functioning properly and plug it into this slot.
  • After this, try to light the oven again. If the working burner heats up, then you know the problem is the burner you have removed. In this case, you need to replace it permanently.
  • If the burner that is supposed to be working still doesn’t heat up, the problem is related to the switch or the socket. In this case, you should take a look at the socket. If it looks damaged, you may need to replace it. If you are uncomfortable doing this, you need to reach out to a professional who can help you.
  • If you replace the socket and the burner and the oven still will not light, and the problem is the ignite switch. In this case, you will need to replace the switch to get the oven working again. 

During this process, you are going to rule out one item after another until you figure out what the problem is. If the range burner is not heating, the problem is either the burner, the socket, or the switch. You need to knock over these dominoes until you figure out what the problem is. 

Electric oven with only one functional burner
If one burner isn’t heating, the problem could be one of these three reasons: the burner itself, the socket, or the ignite switch.

#2 The Oven Is Not Maintaining the Right Temperature

Another problem you might be experiencing is that your oven is not maintaining the right temperature. There are a number of possible reasons why this might be happening. If your oven is not maintaining the right temperature, it could be a problem with the temperature sensor.

The temperature sensor is responsible for letting the oven know what the temperature is. If the oven does not know what the current temperature is, it will have a hard time figuring out whether it needs more heat or not. 

To check the temperature sensor, there are several steps you need to follow. These include: 

  • First, you should check the manual to figure out where the temperature sensor is located. 
  • Then, make sure the temperature sensor is not making physical contact with the inside wall of the oven. This can throw off its ability to detect the right temperature.
  • Once you locate the temperature sensor, you need to use a multimeter to make sure the temperature sensor is still functional. If you are getting an appropriate reading, this is a sign that the temperature sensor still has a current flowing through it. 
  • If the temperature sensor is still working, then you may need to recalibrate the oven. 
  • To do this, you need to heat the oven to 350 degrees F on the sensor. Every 20 minutes, you should check the inside temperature of the oven with a separate thermometer. You don’t need to keep doing this for two hours. 
  • Once you are done, you need to calculate the average reading of the temperatures you have taken. Use this number to adjust the temperature dial accordingly by following the manual.

If the problem is your temperature sensor, you might be able to replace this yourself. You need to take a look at the manual to see what type of temperature sensor your oven uses. Then, you might be able to order a new one and replace the faulty one. 

3. The Gas Burner Is Not Lighting Properly

Another reason why your oven might not be working properly at the gas burner is not lighting. Some ovens are electric while other ovens are gas. If you have a natural gas oven, it is not going to turn on unless the gas burner is lighting properly. 

Gas has to flow from the gas line into your oven. Then, there is a burner that is responsible for lighting your oven. This is similar to a gas range. On your stove, when you turn the dial, it should light the gas. Your oven should behave the same way. Unlike a stove, you cannot strike a match if the oven burner is not lighting. 

The first thing you should do is make sure you do not have a power outage. If the power is out, then your gas stove is not going to light. Once you have confirmed that your oven still has power, there are several steps you should follow: 

  • First, take off the burner grate, cap, and base.
  • Next, see if there is any food debris sticking to the burner. This is one of the most common reasons why your burner might not be lighting properly. You may need to use a can of compressed air or a toothpick to remove the debris.
  • With the grate, cap, and base out, take this opportunity to clean them thoroughly. 
  • Finally, take a close look at the wires connecting to the igniter. If there is a loose connection in place, you will need to tighten it before you try to get the oven to work again. 

If you are uncomfortable tightening the connections to the igniter, you should reach out to a professional. After you have followed all of these steps, if the gas burner is still not lighting, you may need to replace it. In this case, you should also call a professional for help. 

4. The Oven Turns On But Will Not Heat Up

Another problem you may experience is that the oven will turn on but will not heat up. There are several possible reasons why this might be happening. If you have an electric oven, the problem could be the heating element. If you have a gas oven, the problem could be the igniter.

If you noticed that your oven and your gas burners are not working properly, then there could be a problem with the gas line. This is something that you need to contact the professionals to help you with. 

If the problem is with the heating element or the igniter, this could be something you can do on your own. To fix this problem, there are several steps you need to follow. These include:

  • First, you need to make sure you have turned off the power to the oven. 
  • You will need to take a screwdriver to remove the heating element or the igniter. The heating element is usually located inside the oven. The igniter is usually located underneath the oven. 
  • If you are removing the igniter, you may need to remove the broiler and the storage drawer to access it. This is something that should only require a screwdriver. 
  • If you are removing the heating element, it may not be in plain view. It is usually located inside the oven, but you may need to reach out to a professional who can help you. 

After you have replaced either the igniter or the heating element, you should try to turn on the oven again. It should heat up. If it does not, you may need to reach out to a professional. 

Frustrated woman because her oven is not heating
If there is a problem with the gas line, do not try to fix it yourself. In this case it is better to contact a professional!

5. You Cannot Shut the Oven Door

If the oven is not turning on, the problem could be that you cannot shut the oven door. Your oven is not going to turn on until you can completely close the door. Otherwise, your oven is going to have a difficult time getting to the right temperature. This is also going to drive up your utility bills.

Typically, this is a relatively easy problem to fix. If you are having a difficult time closing the door to your oven, there are several steps you should follow. These include:

  • First, take a look at the food you are putting in the oven. Make sure this is not creating a mechanical obstruction that prevents the door from closing. 
  • After this, you should take a look at the racks in the oven. If you have swapped out the racks recently, you need to make sure the racks are not getting in the way. You might need to adjust the racks to get the door to close. 
  • Next, you should take a look at the latch on the inside of the oven door. This is responsible for grabbing the exterior of the oven, locking the door into place. You might need to remove dust and debris from the last to get it to close properly.
  • You should also take a close look at the hinges attached to the oven door. If there is something wrong with the hinges, you might need to replace them. You could also try lubricating them to make them close more reliably. 
  • Finally, you should also take a look at the rubber gasket that goes around the exterior of the door. This is responsible for creating a seal between the door and the oven. If the gasket is made of rubber or silicone, it may have started to crack. In this case, you will need to replace it.

These are a few of the many possible reasons why you cannot get your oven door to close. If you have tried all of these reasons and the oven door still will not close, it is time to reach out to a professional for help. 

Figure Out Why the Oven Will Not Turn On

This is far from the complete list of reasons why your oven might not be turning on. If you have verified that your oven is plugged in, you should start with this list. That way, you might be able to figure out what the problem is with your oven.

Keep in mind that gas ovens and electrical ovens behave differently. Therefore, you should make sure you understand the difference between the two of us before you start crossing this list off. Even though you can handle a lot of these issues on your own, you should not hesitate to reach out to a professional if you feel uncomfortable at any point. You always need to place your safety at the top of the priority list. 

I hope you have enjoyed reading this list of possible reasons why your oven might not turn on. If you would like to learn more about how you’re out of work, take a look at a few of the related articles below!